Are You A Lord Of The Rings Fan? Then You Should Know These Words In Elvish
Lord of The Rings and The Hobbit, two series written by J.R.R. Tolkien, are as popular now as when they were first released. They inspired the fiction written by fans of the series, a set of lengthy movies detailing many battles, and even classes in how to learn the languages.
There is a variation of dialects for the Elven language, but Tengwar Sindarin is the most widely used in the books and taught in online courses. Here are a few Sindarin words and the best English equivalent:
This is a simple Sindarin word that means ‘human.’ One must keep in mind that with Sindarin, in words like ‘adan’ you would pronounce the ‘a’ syllable the same way that it is pronounced in the word ‘father.’ When you refer to more than one human in Sindarin, you would say “edain.”
With this word, we see that Sindarin is a lot like Spanish when it comes to the plural of something. Sometimes, the words themselves don’t seem to relate until you read their definition.
2. Athon and Athof
While it sounds like I may be talking about two words, this is actually just two variations of one word. “Athon,” meaning “Yes, I will” is said in response to a specific question such as Den carathog? This phrase means “will you do it?”
One would use “Athof,” which means “yes, we will” only if they were part of a group and answering for them.
The same rule for pronunciation of the letter ‘a’ applies to this word as well.
3. Galu! Ci maer?
Each language has its own set of rules for how speakers greet others and Sindarin is no different. The above phrase itself means “Hello! Are you well?” It is a simple greeting that, because it is informal, is usually used among friends. That does not mean you can’t use it in a formal setting. Just make sure the people you’re larping with know your speaking an informal dialect.
4. Mae g’ovannen! Ni maer, a gin?
If you are going to learn the words to greet someone in Sindarin, it might do you well to learn the proper response. These two phrases are said in response to Galu! Ci maer? The first part, Mae g’ovannen!, means “well met.” And the second half, Ni maer, a gin?, means “I’m well, and you?”
Numbers 3 and 4 are the standard greeting and response for most elves. Formalities are usually saved for royalty.
5. Mae I eneth lin?
Getting to know a person you will spend time with is important. It’s especially important that you catch their name. No one wants to be caught unable to remember a co-worker’s or new group member’s name. Mae I eneth lin is Sindarin for “what is your name?”
When you inform people of your name, a few things are changed. To say “my name is…” you remove “Mae” from the beginning, change the ‘l’ in lin to an n, and add your name to the end.
It would go something like “I eneth nin Legolas.” The informal way to ay this phrase is “Mae I eneth gin?”
6. Mas dorthal?
This is a basic question that simply means “where do you live?” If you were to ask a specific person the question, you would ask “Mas dorthal, Bilbo?” Not a hard phrase to learn, is it?
The informal form of the phrase is “Mas dorthog?” When studying Sindarin, one sees a consistency in the changing of the last two letters changing the formality of the word.
7. Dorthon vi, Dortham vi
This is another variation of a singular and plural form of the phrase. Dorthon vi is used when speaking of only yourself and means “I live in…”.
Dortham vi, on the other hand, is used when you are referring to yourself and one or more others. This phrase means “we live in…”.
Imladris is the name given to the royal city of elves lead by king Elrond. Imladris is actually the ancient name of the city, used mostly by the high elves who live there. The rest of Middle-Earth usually refers to the city as Rivendell.
9. Mar ci onnen?
This is a simple phrase that, translated to English, means “when were you born?” As far as those familiar with Sindarin know, this is the only way to ask the question. No other variation exists.