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Religion Of The Mesopotamian And Their Gods

Ancient Mesopotamian Religion And Gods

Naturally, the Mesopotamians were polytheistic as they prayed to several major gods as well as minor gods. Every city of Mesopotamia from Sumerian to Akkadian to Babylonian or Assyrian had a goddess or patron god. Besides, each Mesopotamian culture conveyed and represented a god.

The clay tablets found in the archaeological sites designate the mythology, cosmology and religious practices and observations of the time. The Mesopotamian myths in the Bible include the Flood, Garden of Eden, the Creation story, and the Tower of Babel. Mesopotamia is one of the most ancient religions of the world; their beliefs were influenced by the introduction of monotheistic religions such as Judaism, Islam, and Christianity.

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In ancient Mesopotamia, authority came from the gods, and priests acted as the initial rulers. They not only represented god but also mediated between God and the people. Secular power was later on acknowledged by a king. Nevertheless, the kings still had specific religious roles. The kings led the people by god’s favor, and they were filled with a semi-divine power. Kings, priests as well as priestesses were the most respected individuals in the Mesopotamian culture.

The Gods Of Mesopotamians

The prehistoric Sumerians worshipped different gods and goddesses. They believed the gods had much influence on the happenings of their lives. Sumerians inspired the religion of the Babylonians and Assyrians, and every city had a god with a temple or ziggurat built at the center of the city for their god. The temple was also a dwelling place for the priests and where they made sacrifices. Some ziggurats were massive in size, had great heights, and looked like step pyramids with a flat top.

Sumerian Gods


– also known as An, Anu was associated by Uruk city and also called the king of gods and god of the heavens.


– Inanna was a goddess of war and love. An eight-point star symbolizes this goddess. Inanna represented Uruk city as well as the city of Babylon.


– he was the god of magic, wisdom, and intellect and also the shaper of the world. Enki devised the plow and was in charge of plant growth. He holds Zu or the storm bird and represented the city of Eridu.


– also referred to as sin, Nanna was the god of the moon representing the city of Ur.


– Utu was the god of the sun, justice, and law. In its image, Utu is holding a saw-like instrument. According to mythology, Utu travels in a chariot across the world every day.

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– Enlil was the god of air, storms, and wind, and he held the Tablets of Destiny. With these tablets, Enlil has control over the fate of man and was very powerful. He was associated with Nippur city, and he wore a crown on the horns.

Babylonian Gods


– Nergal was the god of the underworld, and was an evil god who symbolized famine and war. He represented the city of Kuthu.


– the Enki of Babylon people. He was the god of magic, wisdom, and intellect and also the shaper of the world


– the goddess of the sea, often drawn as a huge dragon. She was defeated by Marduk in a battle.


– he was the main god for the city and people of Babylon. Marduk was a supreme deity of all the Mesopotamian gods over more than 50 different titles. Marduk was pictured with a pet dragon most often.


– this was the Babylonian version of the Utu who was the god of the sun, justice, and law for Sumerian people.

Assyrian Gods


– the Assyrians version of Utu, the god of the sun, justice, and law

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Ashur (Assur)

– Assur was the primary god of the Assyrian people. He got married to goddess Ishtar and was also the god of war. He, by bow and arrow as well as a winged disc.


– same as the Enlil. The god of air, storms, and wind.


– same as Inanna of the Sumerians, she was the goddess of love and war.


– also known as Enki, the god of magic, wisdom, and intellect and also the shaper of the world.

What Else You Need To Know About The Mesopotamian Religion

The Sumerian gods emulated the nature of humans as they were good and bad in equal measures. While Anu was a major god in Mesopotamian, archeologists are yet his picture. The Mesopotamians also believed in the demons, genies, as well as evil spirits.

The Shamash was served by a grouping of man and scorpion, also referred to as the scorpion people. The people of Mesopotamia believed that Earth was floating a freshwater ocean. Enlil is said to have been the most powerful god that even other gods could not stare at him.

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