Unbelievable Scientific Discoveries Found Trapped In Ice
It’s not by chance that we keep meat, fruits and veggies in our freezer. Ice has the power of preservation and people have used it for a long time actually. But it looks like nature also wanted to preserve some things from complete oblivion. Curious people like scientists have been exploring the frozen regions of Earth in order to find different things.
Most of the things they found were things you would probably expect to see. Some frozen animals trapped in time and space, but also some other more mysterious things that will likely leave you shocked! Prepare yourself to see some of the truly weird things that people found in ice.
1. Lighthouse In Ice
Imagine the cold that is so bad that it manages to freeze everything around. Well, if you’re from Michigan, you don’t really have to imagine it, it is actually a common occurrence over there!
The extreme cold has embraced this old lighthouse and froze it to such an extent that it kind of looks like it has arms reaching forward. This lighthouse is definitely not something you want to see at night. But how did the animals or people near the lighthouse survive such a freezing weather?
2. Brains Of A Woolly Mammoth
While you surely heard that people have been discovering traces or entire bodies of Woolly Mammoths since the 17th century, there has been an even weirder discovery in ice related to Mammoths.
Namely, scientists have found the perfectly preserved, intact brain of a mammoth thanks to the powerful preservative power of the ice. The specimen they discovered was around 39,000 old which makes this discovery even more unbelievable.
If ice was able to preserve Mammoths that were stuck in the frozen water for almost 40,000 years, than it’s no wonder that ice can similarly freeze animals living in the modern times.
Some particular foxes have been found frozen in a German lake. The hunter that found them, claimed he also found a dear and a bear frozen in ice. While the other two were never found, the frozen fox stands in front of a hotel in order to serve as a warning to those that aren’t taking the cold seriously.
4. Living In The Ice
But did you know that ice can also sustain some creatures in life? For instance, scientists have been finding different animals frozen in ice that turned out to be alive in the end!
One of these creatures is a certain type of alligator. They can survive an entire winter completely submerged in ice. Somehow, the ice cold frozen waters preserve their internal organs which permits the alligators to survive in this frozen state of hibernation.
5. Planes In Ice
Some of the weirdest things scientists found in ice is technology. Some objects thought to be lost, found their way to the ice and re-emerged to be newly found by people.
For example, a tragic airplane crash that killed 41 passengers and 11 crew members that occurred due to a crash into a nearby glacier. The ice covered all of their bodies as well as the wreckage, and it was finally possible to finish the mission to ensue after 50 years of melting.
6. Fish Eat Fish
After the stories we just told you, telling you that someone found a frozen fish in the ice wouldn’t be such a big surprise, right? Well, we would completely agree if it weren’t a frozen scene of a fish eating another fish.
What amazes us is to imagine that it have gotten so cold in that moment that they immediately froze. One lucky fisherman found the cube of ice and retrieved the specimen. This one definitely shows the reality of the animal kingdom and its normal processes.
7. A Dinosaur
If you thought scientists learned about past only from frozen Mammoths, you’re wrong. A dinosaur’s mummy has been found in ice. The poor creature froze while trying to defend itself from the freezing ice-age.
The dinosaur found was the nodosaur that used to live around 110 million years ago in the middle of the Cretaceous period. Those were some tough times in which all animals that weren’t predators had to implement different methods of defense.
8. Frozen Dive
It looks like these unfortunate birds had no idea what they were getting into. What they wanted was just some food, but after a dive beneath the ice cold water, the birds froze completely in the matter of seconds.
Unfortunately there is a type of fish that suffers from this immediate freezing much more than others – and it’s name is the kingfisher. These fish are found in the Northern Bavaria near Weisendorf.
9. Ice-Age Puppies
There are more discoveries in the ice than just dinosaurs, mammoths and different objects that froze in ice. For example, scientists found ice age puppies in the ice that probably lived around 12,460 years ago.
Funnily enough, scientists discovered them when they were looking for mammoth tusks in the Siberian tundra. This finding reshaped the way science looked at the ice age canine phylogeny.
10. Copper Arrowhead
Findings like weapons tell a lot about the culture that made it as well as their level of modernity. All in all, scientists found a copper arrowhead inside an ice patch.
This revealed that the particular ancient culture they were researching had knowledge of metallurgy. The weapon was barbed and shaped as modern-day fishhooks. They were obviously ready and primed for efficient hunting.
Believe it or not but scientists have found traces of Vikings in ice too! For example, in a town called Juvfonna in Norway, they found Viking gear inside glaciers. They found their weapons, bows and arrows, clothes and leather parts of shoes.
Scientists believe that these items were around 3,400-years-old. But their gear is not all they found they also discovered reindeer traps Vikings used. The trap was quite creative. It was made of bound sticks that would make a noise when shaken. This noise attracted reindeer which made them an easy target for the mighty Vikings.
You might have never thought about it, but as glaciers advance, they crush everything they find on their way. This movement of the glacier produces something called sediment moraine. This moraine is basically made of all the rocks, debris and stuff glacier finds on his way.
In a way, moraines act as cushions between the stuff that gets on the way and the glacier. The moraine enables a layer of non-abrasive material to cushion the move. Therefore, the forests are left beneath and actually still exist, but only in a new condition.
13. Human Sacrifice
One of the creepiest things ever found in ice were the Incan human sacrifices. It was known that Inca’s sacrificed children or other souls for their rituals. They would go to the highest peaks of the Andes mountains where they would perform these cruelties.
These peaks in Chile are really high and they contain more than 115 different burial sites. In fact, there was even a discovery of a very young sacrifice in 1954 whose name was “Juanita”.
14. Power Of Ice
But how is it possible that ice can preserve all these materials so well? The deal with this is that such an amount of cold prevents bacteria from decomposing and doing their magic.
For instance, a lot of decomposers or bacteria don’t function on such low temperatures. And once they do, they function at a much slower rate than they weould in a warmer weather.
15. Woolly Mammoth
Woolly Mammoth is among the most normal things scientists have found in ice. After finding the huge prehistoric creature, scientists managed to explore more about them. They roamed the lands of Siberia and Alaska.
Recently, a mammoth specimen 39,000 years old reemerged from an ice tomb in Siberia. In fact it is one of the best preserved specimens ever. What surprised scientists was that the fossil was found with blood and muscle tissues almost completely intact.
16. Otzi Man
Otzi man is one of the humans that scientists found in the ice. Otzi’s well-preserved body, for example, was found in the Alps between Austria and Italy. He has lived about 5,300 years ago, and he is most likely the genetic ancestor to a lot of people from Austria and its surroundings.
What additionally surprised scientists about this man was that he had a number of diseases. For instance he had a gm disease, gallstones, worn joints, hardened arteries, Lyme disease, and parasitic worms.
17. Wooly Rhino
It’s no wonder that a lot of furry animals are found in the areas of extreme cold. But it comes as a surprise to many that there was actually a woolly rhino. The recent specimen found in Sakha, Russia, was one of the best preserved ones. In fact almost all of its fur was still present when they found the specimen.
The scientists assumed that the rhino was about 18 months old at the moment of freezing. However, it has lived more than 10,000 years ago when these animals have died out.
18. Sabretooth Tigers
Cave lions or Sabretooth tigers were the real bad guys of the arctic circle back in the ice-age. These animals’ specimens were found in Yakutia, Siberia and in were in amazing conditions. In fact, their fur was completely intact.
A lot of people are wondering about what caused these sabretooth tigers to die out. Scientists hypothesize that it might have been the result of a mixture of factors such as global heating and human hunting.
19. Ancient Bacteria
Believe it or not, but thanks to ice scientists have managed to explore some really old bacteria. Some specimens even dated at around 8 million-years-old. Imagine that!
These bacteria easily survived arctic cold conditions thanks to their ability to form spores. These spores are what enables bacterias to get in the hibernation state. However, getting in contact with such old bacteria might be very dangerous to us and the modern nature, since we only developed immunity from the bacteria that live today.
20. Global Warming
All of these things scientists have found reemerged due to the shifts in our global climate. The atmosphere warms up and it melts the snow and ice at a much faster rate. Because of this warming, ice found on the Earth melts and reveals bodies and elements that we previously couldn’t see.
The global warming can’t be a good thing, but at least, some scientists are taking the opportunity to learn more about nature and its ancient and prehistoric creatures. We hope that they will learn something that will help us change the way our weather is shifting.