The Famous Incan Citadel Machu Picchu Still Surprises Engineers Over The World
Nestled in the Andes Mountains of Peru lies one of humanity’s greatest engineering marvels in history. Protected by the dangerous terrain, it lies in the Cusco region of the South American country. That place is the Incan city of Machu Picchu, which lies at an altitude of 2450 meters.
Nicknamed the ‘City of Heaven,’ the small settlement was home to 1200 residents at the time that humans lived within its area. The city has about 200 buildings that were used for many different things. Some were homes and administrative buildings, and others functioned as temples and warehouses.
The Inca who lived in Machu Pichu were farmers who worshiped Inti, the Inca Sun God, and grew their food on nearby terraces.
Until 1911, it sat untouched for 400 years. Hiram Bingham was led by a local boy that year while accompanied by guards to the rumored location of the ancient city.
When the Spanish invaders arrived in this land, the people that lived here were not taken out by weapons but by the disease carried from across the sea. The Spanish had absolutely no luck finding the place, likely one of the factors for it being so well-preserved to this day.
It lies 600 meters above the Urubamba Valley and is 70km away from Cusco, the capital of the ancient Inca Empire. Its survivability to this day is likely thanks to the stones blocks that make up the city’s walls. Each stone weighs 50 tons each, making it almost completely immune to the elements.
With how dangerous the surrounding environment is, it is believed that the builders of Machu Picchu possessed an understanding of engineering that only an advanced civilization would.
Those that live in the surrounding area see the City of Heaven as their connection to the past.
Machu Pichu can be explored on guided tours, but you might want to make sure you aren’t afraid of heights before taking the chance.